Vol 3, No 1 (2017)

LEADING ARTICLE

THE PROBLEM OF PEER REVIEW OF ADVERSE OUTCOME OF HEALTH CARE: MONITORING, THE DEVELOPMENT AND MODERN STATE

Erofeev S.V., Edelev N.S., Malakhov N.V., Semenov A.S.

Abstract

The paper provides an overview of the organization and the nature of the complex examinations in connection with the unfavourable outcome of care. This highlights the complexity arising from the formation of the commissions, financing, procedural provisions, relationship with the «independent» experts. The ways of resolving contradictions, real ways to improve expert activity.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2017;3(1):4-10
pages 4-10 views

ORIGINAL STUDIES

THE FORENSIS MODELING OF THE TRAVMATS BY THE METHOD OF THE SHOT CARTRIDGE LIGHT AND SOUND ACTION

Kulikov S.N., Potapenko A.A.

Abstract

The article deals with the forensic component of the proving in the juridical process the objective part of the crime which possibility can be realized by the method of shooting from close distance by the deactivated firearm charged with light-audible cartridges. The legal distribution and free sale of that kind of arms can’t exclude the possibility of the formation of such criminal casus. The experimental modeling of the head traumas has been performed by the means of series of shots from that kind of a gun with regard to legal restriction. Whereby the object of the shots’ recipient had the recommended in the forensic examination combine features. The proving findings of the forensic valuation of the mechanics of the origin and morphology of the modeling traumas have been pointed out. The shot of the light-audible cartridge may cause grievous traumas.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2017;3(1):11-17
pages 11-17 views

FORENSIC MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS OF ROLE OF COLD FACTOR IN CASES OF DEATH IN HOSPITAL

Frolova I.A.

Abstract

The article is about causes of death in hospital after hypothermia. Morphological criteria and way of construction of forensic medical diagnosis for this cause of death are offered.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2017;3(1):18-20
pages 18-20 views

FORENSIC IDENTIFICATION OF THE PERSON ON THE BASIS OF APPEARANCE AND FEATURES OF THE STRUCTURE BODY

Romanko N.A., Zinin A.M., Khaziev S.N.

Abstract

Article is devoted questions of definition of the competence of the forensic expert conducting identification and diagnostic researches of images of the person on pictures, video recordings and other data carriers on appearance. Problems of person identification under images of hands, feet, a head and other parts of body in the absence of possibility of research of the face are considered.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2017;3(1):21-25
pages 21-25 views

SUDDEN DEATH SYNDROME AND OTHER INDICATORS OF INFANT DEATH IN STAVROPOL REGION

Berlay M.V., Kopylov A.V., Karpov S.M.

Abstract

The «Sudden Infant Death Syndrome» stands for unexpected nonviolent death of apparently healthy chest age child when there is no history or pathomorphological features which can be adequate explanations for death reasons. In Russian Federation, the death rate from this syndrome in the range of 0.06 to 2.8 per 1000 live births. In Stavropol region, average figures are equal to 0,36 per 1000 live births in the period of 2005–2014. The maximum recorded rate was 0.53 per 1,000 in 2012, while the minimum was observed in 2007 (0.23 per 1,000). Rates of incidence sudden infant death syndrome are similar to the rates of incidence associated with infectious diseases, and as a result of injury or poisoning. Currently paid attention to neurogenic mechanisms of sudden infant death syndrome, as a consequence in combination cranio-spinal birth injury with delayed fatal in infancy, in the period of residual effects.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2017;3(1):26-29
pages 26-29 views

PREVALENCE OF ANOMALIES OF SEPARATE TEETH AT CHILDREN OF PRESCHOOL AND SCHOOL AGE OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA IN RELATION TO PROBLEMS OF FORENSIC MEDICINE

Bisharyan M.S., Barinov E.H., Manin A.I., Romodanovsky P.O.

Abstract

For judicial and stomatologic identification of the person according to the stomatologic status the most often found anomalies of separate teeth taking into account gender and age are given in article.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2017;3(1):30-33
pages 30-33 views

CONTINUOUS MEDICAL EDUCATION

NEGOTIATION OF A DRAFT PROFESSIONAL STANDARD «FORENSIC MEDICAL EXPERT»

Romanko N.A., Zolotenkova G.V., Lysenko O.V.

Abstract

The article continues series of publications devoted to the process of development of professional standard «A doctor – forensic medical expert». Detailed information on the final stage of this process – coordination and professional discussion as well as the editions of the initial text of the project – is provided.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2017;3(1):34-36
pages 34-36 views

CASE REPORTS

FORENSIC MEDICAL EXAMINATION OF INTRAMUSCULAR HEMORRHAGE

Makhlis A.V., Pesterev V.G., Ilyina E.V.

Abstract

The article is focused on examination of intramuscular hemorrhages in skeletal muscles in different types of death, analysis of its localization, incidence, mechanisms of development, biochemical evaluation of intramuscular blood after hemorrhage and role of hemorrhage in daily practice of forensic pathologists. This article doesn’t study hemorrhage after local blunt trauma with injury of skin, subcutaneous fatty tissue and skeletal muscles.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2017;3(1):37-41
pages 37-41 views

PECULIARITIES OF FORENSIC EXAMINATION OF CORPSES OF PERSONS DYING IN HOSPITAL

Zhulin S.A.

Abstract

The article provides information about the features of forensic examination of corpses of persons who died in hospitals, medical organizations. Reflected the order and the necessary information from medical documents, to be included in the forensic examination of the corpse (expert opinion).

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2017;3(1):42-43
pages 42-43 views

TRAUMATIC RUPTURE OF THE INTIMA OF THE CAROTID ARTERY

Ermakov E.A., Gudkova T.V., Frolov V.V.

Abstract

The article refers to intimal damage the internal carotid artery, arising in the conditions of traffic injuries in a car passenger in the so-called «whiplash» injury.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2017;3(1):44-47
pages 44-47 views

PROFESSIONAL REVIEW

TISSUE TYPING BY MEANS OF PCR AND CAPILLARY ELECTROPHORESIS: NEW ASPECTS, REALITY AND ISSUES

Bavykin A.S.

Abstract

«When the DNA is not enough» – an issue that becoming popular among forensic biologists [1]. The reasons for that are methods of tissue typing, that have limited accuracy and gradually becoming obsolete. The purpose of this review is to discuss the integration of new mRNA markers to the routine genetic forensic practice. The review discusses possibilities of utilizing the developed mRNA biomarkers for tissue typing as well as the approaches of combining gene expression analyses with standard sample workflow in forensic and criminal laboratories. Based on data obtained by the foreign researches, new mRNA markers are quite compatible with classical protocols, including PCR and capillary electrophoresis, increase the specificity of immunological methods and do not require rejection of their use. In the near future we can expect commercially developed tissue specific and multiplex assays at markets abroad. Although population diversity of genetic expression does not allow to create a universal multiplex panel, nevertheless the existing tissue mRNA panel can be enriched by the national features.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2017;3(1):48-58
pages 48-58 views

INFORMATION

CYCLES OF THE DEPARTMENT FORENSIC MEDICINE “MOSCOW REGIONAL RESEARCH CLINICAL INSTITUTE NAMED BY M.F. VLADIMIRSKIY” FOR 2017

Abstract

CYCLES OF THE DEPARTMENT FORENSIC MEDICINE “MOSCOW REGIONAL RESEARCH CLINICAL INSTITUTE NAMED BY M.F. VLADIMIRSKIY” FOR 2017

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2017;3(1):59
pages 59 views


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