Vol 4, No 4 (2018)

LEADING ARTICLE
100 УEARS IN THE SERVICE OF MOSCOW REGION: FOR THE JUBILEE OF SBIH MR «BUREAU OF FME»
Klevno V.A., Kononov E.V.
Abstract

The article is timed to 100-year jubilee of SBIH «Bureau of FME». The main events in the history of the largest state institution of forensic medicine in Russia from the date of its foundation in November, 1918 till today are analyzed in the context of development of national forensic medicine as a whole.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):4-12
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LECTURE
CAUSES OF DEATH IN PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS, THYROID DISORDERS AND OBESITY: A CLINICIAN’S PERSPECTIVE
Starostina E.G.
Abstract

The paper presents the point of view of an endocrinologist to causes of death in patients with most prevalent endocrine disorders, such as thyroid disease, diabetes mellitus and obesity. The author critically analyzes the trends of the last years in the principles of registration of causes of death in diabetes mellitus, emphasizing the need to differentiate between “associated diseases” and “etiologically related diseases”.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):13-21
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VIRTOPSY
POSSIBILITIES OF POSTHUMOUS COMPUTER TOMOGRAPHY (VIRTUAL AUTOPSY) IN THE EVENT OF DEATH FROM MECHANICAL ASPHIXIA
Klevno V.A., Chumakova Y.V., Kurdyukov F.N., Dubrova S.E., Efremenkov N.F., Zemur M.A.
Abstract

The article presents a case from the practice of the Serpukhov Department of the Bureau of Forensic Medicine, when for the first time on the territory of the Russian Federation in the event of a criminal death of a child from mechanical asphyxiation in a district forensic department, the computed tomography of the corpse was used (virtual autopsy) with subsequent radiological-anatomical comparison of the results.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):22-26
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ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS
DETERMINATION OF FECES IN TRACES ON MATERIAL EVIDENCE BY THE METHOD OF ASCENDANT THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY
Chetvertnova A.P., Fedorovtsev A.L., Edelev N.S.
Abstract

The article presents the results of a study of the pigment composition of feces in traces on material evidence by the method of thin-layer chromatography. The aim of the study was to develop a method for determining the presence of feces based on the detection of stercobilin. The objects of the study were samples of feces of adults without visible pathological changes in the liver, gallbladder, intestines in a sectional study, with a fence age of 3 days to 1 year. When using chromatography of fecal samples in the solvent system butanol-distilled water-glacial acetic acid (4:1:2) and subsequent processing with Ehrlich reagent positive results were obtained – the appearance of red stripes on chromatograms at Rf = 0,55–0,6, which indicates the presence of stercobilin. When studying the samples of meconium, blood, salvia, sweat, vaginal contents, and urine by this way, the reaction to the presence of stercobilin was negative. Thus, this method can be used in practice to determine the presence of feces in the traces on physical evidence.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):30-32
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DEVELOPMENT OF AN EFFECTIVE MONITORING SYSTEM OF ACUTE FATAL POISONING IN SBIH MR “BUREAU OF FORENSIC MEDICAL EXAMINATION”
Maksimov A.V., Kuchuk S.A.
Abstract

The article presents the experience of the development and implementation of monitoring system of acute fatal poisoning by chemical substances in the practical activities of SBIH MR «Bureau of FME». The goals, main functions, components, scope of practical application and monitoring capabilities are revealed.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):33-35
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THE MECHANISM OF DEATH BY INHALATION OF BUTANE
Klevno V.A., Tarkhnishvili G.S.
Abstract

Butan is an inhaled drug that sensitized myocardium to the arrhythmogenic effects of catecholamines. This study revealed that fatal heart arrhythmia after butane inhalation had been provoked by emotional or physical hyperadrenalinemia.

 

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):27-29
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PROBLEMATIC ASPECTS OF CHEMICAL AND TOXICOLOGICAL STUDIES OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES
Klimenko T.V., Klevno V.A., Maksimov A.V.
Abstract

The problematic aspects of the organization of chemical and toxicological studies of psychoactive substances in all types of medical examinations, medical certificates and forensic examinations are analyzed and proposals to increase the efficiency of establishing the state of intoxication with psychoactive substances are formulated.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):36-40
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CONTINUOUS MEDICAL EDUCATION
ABOUT CARRYING OUT PRIMARY SPECIALIZED ACCREDITATION OF SPECIALIST IN SPECIALITY “FORENSIC MEDICAL EXAMINATION”
Lysenko O.V., Tarasov N.V., Maksimov A.V., Kuchuk S.A.
Abstract

The article identifies the key stages of the primary specialized accreditation of a specialist in speciality “Forensic medical examination”.

 

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):41-43
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HISTORY
FORENSIC MEDICINE OF PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, FROM ITS ORIGINS TO THE PRESENT DAY
Klevno V.A., Nazarov Y.V.
Abstract

In the publication, based on the book «the History of forensic medicine» under the editorship of doctor of medical sciences, professor Burkhard Madea, provides basic information about forensic medicine in the People’s Republic of China, details the history of its origin, the path and the complexity of its development, shows the current organization of services, the principles of training of forensic experts. The achievements of Chinese forensic medicine, both in the past and in the present, are noted.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):44-48
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IN MEMORY OF V.M. SMOLYANINOV (1898–1981) – JUDICIAL PHYSICIAN – INNOVATOR AND TEACHER (TO THE 120th ANNIVERSARY OF THE BIRTHDAY)
Barinov E.H., Morgoshia T.S., Romanko N.A.
Abstract

In the article the main dates of life and creativity of Professor V.M. Smolyaninov. The period of life of the scientist from 1932 to 1943 is analyzed. Smolyaninov was Chief forensic expert of the People’s Commissariat of Health of the RSFSR, and from 1943 to 1947 – forensic expert of the Extraordinary State Commission for Investigation of the atrocities of the German fascist invaders. In 1943, Vladimir Mikhailovich became a professor. From 1949 to 1979, Professor V.M. Smolyaninov is Head of the Department of Forensic Medicine of the II Moscow Medical Institute and at the same time (1949–1961) Deputy Director of the Institute for the Scientific Section, and from 1960 to 1968, was deputy chairman of the Scientific Medical Council of the Ministry of Health of the RSFSR. In the work it is shown that the scientific researches of Professor V.M. Smolyaninov, having great theoretical, practical and scientific-organizational significance, cover a wide range of issues of thanatology, toxicology and traumatology, spectral analysis, research of physical evidence, sudden death, medical deontology, organization and methods of forensic medical examination. He published more than 120 works, a number of monographs. Under his leadership, more than 50 candidate and 22 doctoral dissertations were completed. It is noted that during the whole busy life Vladimir Mikhailovich conscientiously and impeccably fulfilled his duty as a doctor, teacher, citizen and scientist.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):49-52
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CONFERENCES (SUPPLEMENTS)
MOSCOW REGION ANALYZES ACHIEVEMENTS OF TARGET INDICATORS OF MORTAL REDUCTION IN THE FRAMEWORK OF IMPLEMENTATION OF MAY DECREES OF THE PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA
Yolkina O.E.
Abstract

The article focuses on the problems of mortality rate and the ways of its reducing in the Moscow Region as well as correct coding of causes of death according to ICD-10.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):53-55
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MONITORING POISONMENTS – AN IMPORTANT TASK: “POISONS DON’T KNOW ANY BORDERS”
Yolkina O.E.
Abstract

On November 7, 2018 in MONIKI the scientific-practical conference “Monitoring of acute poisoning cases with chemical etiology” was held. The leading scientists and practical experts dealing with toxicology could exchange views and discuss a number of critical tasks related to improving the methodology for monitoring acute poisoning cases.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):56-57
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EDITORIAL
IN MEMORY OF P.P. SHIRINSKIY
Editorial A.
Abstract
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Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):58
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INFORMATION
CYCLES OF THE DEPARTMENT FORENSIC MEDICINE “MOSCOW REGIONAL RESEARCH CLINICAL INSTITUTE n. a. M.F. VLADIMIRSKIY” FOR 2019
Editorial a.
Abstract
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Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(4):59
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