Vol 4, No 1 (2018)

LEADING ARTICLE

PROBLEMS OF CLINICAL-ANATOMICAL ANALYSIS OF LETHAL OUTCOMES

Maksimov A.V.

Abstract

The article presents the current state of the question matching final clinical and forensic diagnoses. Installed the contradiction between the needs of practical health care and the lack of regulatory work on this subject. The perspective of overcoming of the revealed contradictions is shown.
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(1):4-7
pages 4-7 views

ORIGINAL STUDIES

THE MECHANISM OF TRAUMA OF A THORAX AT A FRONTAL COLLISION OF А CAR WITH THE CHILD-PEDESTRIAN

Khokhlov V.V.

Abstract

An analysis of fatal injuries in childhood during frontal collision of cars with a pedestrian child is given. The basic mechanism and nature of injuries in a collision is indicated. The distinctive features of the phases of collision of the protruding parts of the car with the child’s body are considered. The relationship between the age and severity of the injuries of the thorax is established.
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(1):8-10
pages 8-10 views

ALGORITHM FOR ESTABLISHING LIFETIME OF STRANGULATION MECHANICAL ASPHYXIATION

Bogomolov D.V., Zbrueva Y.V., Semenov G.G., Denisova O.P.

Abstract

Methods of immunohistochemistry are of great importance in morphology, namely in forensic histology. 19 observations of statutory mechanical asphyxia were studied in the age group from 28 to 48 years. For comparison, 3 observations of mechanical asphyxia as a result of drowning in the age group from 35 to 50 years have been studied. The control group consisted of 11 observations of the acute form of coronary heart disease, 6 cases of death from traumatic shock. In the process of research, fibrinogen can be evaluated as the substance of early response to damage and the marker of intactness of strangulation mechanical asphyxia. This algorithm can be proposed for the diagnosis of strangulation asphyxia.
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(1):11-12
pages 11-12 views

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING OF CRANIOCEREBERAL TRAUMA

Krupin K.N.

Abstract

Possibility of mathematical modelling of a craniocereberal trauma at blow by a blunt object to the occipital area of the loose head and falling backwards is considered.
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(1):13-16
pages 13-16 views

STRUCTURED ANALYSIS OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL EXPERTISES IMPLEMENTED IN THE MEDICAL AND CRIMINALISTIC DEPARTMENT OF THE BUREAU OF FORENSIC MEDICAL EXPERTISE OF MOSCOW REGION FROM 2007 TO 2016

Dolgov A.A., Zolotenkova G.V., Titarenko E.N.

Abstract

The article presents the epidemiological characteristics of the anthropological expert studies performed in the medical and criminalistic department of the State budgetary health care institution of the Moscow Region “Bureau of Forensic Medical Examination” in the period from 2007 to 2016. On the basis of the analysis, the problems identified in carrying out this type of examination had been highlighted, and prospective directions in the development of forensic osteology had been proposed.
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(1):17-21
pages 17-21 views

INVESTIGATION OF THE MINERAL COMPONENT AND ORGANIC MATRIX OF BONE TISSUE USING METHODS OF ATOMIC-POWER MICROSCOPY

Konev V.P., Moscovskiy S.N., Shestel I.L., Shishkina Y.O., Korshunov A.S.

Abstract

In this work, for the first time, a set of indicators determining the quality of bone tissue, already sufficiently presented in clinical medical specialties, is proposed. The use of this complex will bring better quality indicators of bone age, allowing more accurate assessment of bone tissue in systemic pathology of connective tissue.
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(1):22-25
pages 22-25 views

FEATURES OF CLINICAL, EMOTIONAL SPHERE AND HIGHER CORTICAL FUNCTIONS IN PATIENTS WITH HEADACHE ASSOCIATED WITH TRAUMA

Khokhlova T.Y., Dalelova I.L., Barinov E.H.

Abstract

The status of emotional sphere, cognitive functions and the quality of life was evaluated in 31 patients with paroxysmal and non-paroxysmal cranial prosopalgia of different genesis. The following criteria were used: Depression scale (V.M. Bekhterev Institute of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Recovery Locus of Control, Psychological General Well – Being Index, MMSE (Mini-Mental State Examination), Luria test, Shulte test. In different types of prosopalgia it was revealed the presence and various rates of anxiety, depression and cognitive desorders.
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(1):26-33
pages 26-33 views

PROFESSIONAL REVIEW

ESTIMATION OF TIME SINCE DEATH IN THE LATE POSTMORTEM PERIOD IN FORENSIC MEDICINE (literature review)

Kil’dyushov E.M., Ermakova Y.V., Tumanov E.V., Kuznetsova G.S.

Abstract

The article provides a review of the literature on the estimation of time since death in the late postmortem period. The possibility of applying in practice the criteria given in the literature is considered.
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(1):34-38
pages 34-38 views

CASE REPORTS

EXPERIENCE OF JOINT COOPERATION OF JUDICIAL-MEDICAL EXPERTS AND SPECIALISTS IN PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY ON THE BASIS OF REPUBLICAN BUREAU OF JUDICIAL-MEDICAL EXAMINATION IN THE CHUVASH REPUBLIC

Plyukhin S.V.

Abstract

Historical development of two device companies in the Chuvash Republic was described. Alongside, common concerns and tasks existing prior and after the merger of the companies; introduction of the progressive products, improvement of the quality of work at all stages were described.
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(1):39-42
pages 39-42 views

CONTINUOUS MEDICAL EDUCATION

PROBLEM OF MEDICAL SPECIALIZATION: LEGAL BASIS, CURRENT STATE AND DISADVANTAGES OF CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF MEDICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL STAFF

Akopov V.I.

Abstract

The article reviews the current state and the system of professional training of future medical doctors in the institutes of higher education, the historical approach to their initial specialization (internship) and analyzes the decrease in the quality of training. We point out the issues of using certification (accreditation) and posteducational development (attestations, specialization, further training) as methods of clearing doctors for practical work. We predict further deterioration of professional medical training and the increase of unfortunate medical treatment outcomes and malpractice cases. The article refers to federal and departmental documents that serve as the foundation of the various levels of professional medical education. The author concludes that increasing the quality of training of medical professionals is the only way to improve the state of national medical care.
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(1):43-47
pages 43-47 views

HISTORY

FORENSIC SCIENCE IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PAST AND PRESENT

Klevno V.A., Nazarov Y.V., Romanko N.A.

Abstract

The article, based on the book «The History of Forensic Medicine» under the editorship of doctor of medical sciences, Professor, Burkhard Madea, provides detailed information about forensic examination in the United States of America, is the modern organizational structure of the service, shown the history of its creation, development and complexity of development. The problems of the service, its main functions and structure are noted, the educational process that passes through the professional life of medical forensic experts of the United States is described, and the role of medical communities and associations in this regard is noted.
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2018;4(1):48-50
pages 48-50 views


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