Vol 5, No 1 (2019)

VIRTOPSY
VIRTOPSY OF PILOTS DIED INSIDE A LIGHT AIRPLANE WHEN IT FELL AND HIT THE GROUND
Klevno V.A., Chumakova Y.V., Lebedeva A.S., Kozylbaev V.V., Dubrova S.E., Efremenkov N.V., Zemur M.A.
Abstract

The article presents a case from the practice of Serpukhov forensic medical department of SBIH MR “Bureau of FME”, when in the case of death of two pilots of a light airplane as a result of an aviation injury the method of computer tomography of corpses (virtual autopsy) was applied, followed by X-ray anatomical comparison of the results.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):4-10
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VIRTOPSY OF THE BODY OF A GIRL-ADOLESCENT DIED AFTER FALL FROM A GREAT HEIGHT
Klevno V.A., Chumakova Y.V., Kurdyukov F.N., Lebedeva A.S., Dubrova S.E., Efremenkov N.V., Zemur M.A.
Abstract

The article presents a case from the practice of the Serpukhov department of SBIH MR “Bureau of FME”, when the study of the corpse of a young girl as a result of a fall from a great height was used the method of computed tomography of the corpse (virtual autopsy), followed by X-ray anatomical comparison of the results.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):11-15
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ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS
POSTMORTEM CHANGES IN COLOR AND TRANSPARENCY OF TEETH AND THEIR FORENSIC VALUE
Manin A.I., Barinov E.H., Romodanovskiy P.O.
Abstract

In this work the changing of shades of color and transparency of teeth was researched using computer technology. Dynamic postmortem changes of teeth and dentoalveolar fragments were researched throughout the 90 days.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):16-18
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EVALUATION OF THE EFFECT OF EXPOSURE TIME IN WATER ON THE SAFETY OF ADDITIONAL SHOT PRODUCTS ON THE TARGET
Leonov S.V., Pinchuk P.V., Stepanov S.A.
Abstract

We assumed that the different exposure times of the cotton target in the water would not change the morphology and location of the shot products. To confirm our assumption, a series of experiments was carried out, which consisted in exposure of cotton targets in distilled water at different time intervals, followed by their extraction and study. The study showed that the morphology and location of the shot products on a dry target after soaking in water with a duration of up to one day does not change.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):19-20
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THE EFFECT OF STRUCTURAL FEATURES OF THE TRUNK OF THE TRAUMATIC WEAPON ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF GUNPOWDER PARTICLES ON THE BARRIER
Rasnyuk S.V., Klevno V.A.
Abstract

The article presents the results of an experimental study of the ballistic properties of the gun MR-80-13T under the .45 Rubber cartridge, during which a diagnostic feature was revealed that allows the character of the deposition of gunpowder particles on the target in the close range zone, to speak about the structural features of the barrel of the firearms of limited damage.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):21-24
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POLYMORPHISM OF SEVEN MICROSATELLITE STR-LOCI INCLUDED IN THE STANDARD SET CODIS, ESS AND ISSOL FOR THE NATIVE POPULATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA
Bisharyan M.S., Arutyunyan D.N., Bagdasaryan M.R., Sargsyan A.L.
Abstract

The aim of the work was to study polymorphism of microsatellite STR loci vWA, CSF1PO, TPOX, TH01, D16S539, D13S317, D7S820 included in CODIS, ESS and ISSOL standard core loci for Armenian population. Correspondence of frequencies of examined loci to the Hardy – Weinberg equilibrium was revealed. To distinguish genetic variability of STR loci we examined vWA, CSF1PO, TPOX, TH01, D16S539, D13S317, D7S820STR loci of Armenian population residing in the territory of Armenia and compared with data of Caucasian-American population presented in the Promega Technical Manual Allele Frequencies for Caucasian-Americans protocol. This comparative study revealed significant differences for tested populations. The results indicate that this set of polymorphic STR loci provides some polymorphic information. Therefore, prior to the usage of new DNA markers included in CODIS, ESS and ISSOL standard core loci into forensic casework, as well as DNA paternity and relationship testing, studies should be performed on Armenian populationto establish polymorphism of microsatellite STR loci specific for Armenian population.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):25-28
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DETERMINATION OF PLACES OF ADMISSION OF MEDICAL CARE DEFECTS
Giyasov Z.A., Islamov S.E.
Abstract

The article is devoted to determination of places of admission of medical care defects. The purpose of the study was to determine the defects of medical care in the context of institutions, among specialists in various fields, by the nature and causes of occurrence. The material of the study was the findings of the commission of forensic medical examinations about professional offenses of medical workers conducted in all forensic institutions of the Republic of Uzbekistan. With a comprehensive multivariate analysis of the data obtained, logical, dialectical, comparative methods were used, as well as the collection and study of individual facts, monographic descriptions and statistical methods. It was revealed that medical care defects were mostly committed at the stage of hospitalization in central regional hospitals, emergency medical care units and at the stage before hospitalization in rural medical aid stations and polyclinics. Among medical specialties the defects were more often revealed in the work of obstetricians-gynecologists, surgeons, pediatrists, etc. The defects in diagnosis and treatment were prevailing and they developed due to subjective causes. The data concerning medical localizations were the defects were committed, taking into consideration specialties, essence and causes of development, were presented.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):29-32
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THE FORENSIC MEDICAL ASPECTS OF CHILD MORTALITY AND APPROACHES OF ITS PREDICTION IN VOLGOGRAD REGION
Kovaleva O.I., Barkanov V.B., Edelev N.S.
Abstract

The article analyzes the mortality of minors in the Volgograd region over the past five years. The number of deaths of children and adolescents in subsequent years is predicted, with the definition of further directions for studying the mortality of minors in other regions of the Russian Federation. With the help of the found mathematical model, a point and interval prediction of the mortality of children and adolescents in the Volgograd region was made and it was shown with what probability in 2018 and in 2019 one could expect the resulting number of deceased persons of the studied age. Further directions for studying the mortality of minors with the aim of reducing the preventable losses of the younger generation, improving the demographic situation in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation have been determined.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):33-35
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EXPERT PRACTICE
THE VALUE OF «MINOR» CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS OF «DIFFICULT» PATHOLOGIES IN CHILDREN
Rusakova T.V., Bobkova V.V., Kislov M.A.
Abstract

The article focuses on the rare case of detection on the post-mortem examination of morphological signs of the lymphoproliferative disease of a «healthy» child, whose death occurred in the hospital from multiorgan failure having an oncological process undiagnosed in life. The article reports a case from the forensic practice of the Pushkin branch of the Bureau of Forensic examination of the Moscow Region.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):36-39
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MANUAL FOR THE FORENSIC MEDICAL EXPERT
MORPHOLOGICAL ARTIFACTS IN DIAGNOSIS OF STRANGULATION ASPHYXIA
Molin Y.A., Andreev A.A., Vorontsov G.A.
Abstract
The article generalizes the extensive experience of the personal sectional work of the authors, as well as the analysis of archival material for the diagnosis of deaths by strangulation asphyxia. An objective assessment of developmental anomalies, resuscitation and post-mortem changes, the frequency of their occurrence, the results of the incorrect actions of experts, leading to a false diagnostics of the specific and the general signs of asphyxia. The presented information allows to avoid errors in diagnostics.
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):40-41
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PROCEDURAL POSITION OF THE EXPERT IN CRIMINAL AND CIVIL PROCEEDINGS
Buromskiy I.V., Ermakova Y.V., Sidorenko E.S.
Abstract

The article presents a comparative analysis of the procedural position of the expert in criminal and civil proceeding. There are considered main differences and similarities of the rights, duties and responsibilities of the expert which regulated by the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, the Civil Law Code of the Russian Federation, the Federal Law «About state forensic expert activity in the Russian Federation», the Order of organization and production of forensic medical examination in the state forensic expert institutions of the Russian Federation.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):42-46
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CONTINUOUS MEDICAL EDUCATION
THE TRAINING OF DOCTORS – FORENSIC EXPERTS: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
Klevno V.A., Maksimov A.V., Kuchuk S.A., Lysenko O.V.
Abstract
The article reflects the stages of primary, primary specialized and periodic accreditation of specialists with higher medical education, the analysis of the main problems arising in the training of doctors of forensic experts, the experience of the state medical institution «Bureau of FME» in the training of medical personnel in the specialty «forensic medical examination».
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):47-51
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REVIEWS
REVIEW ON THE MANUAL OF V. V.KHOKHLOV “FORENSIC MEDICINE” (4th edition, in 3 volumes)
Klevno V.A.
Abstract
Dr. Sci. (Med.), professor V. A. Klevno gave a review on the 4th edition of the manual by V. V. Khokhlov “Forensic medicine” issued by Moscow publishing house “Yurayt” in 2019 (series “Professional practice”, in 3 volumes).
Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):52-53
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HISTORY
YAKOV YUR’YEVICH KATS – THE FIRST HEAD OF THE SUBDIVISION OF FORENSIC MEDICINE OF THE HEALTH DEPARTMENT OF THE MOSCOW PROVINCIAL COUNCIL OF DEPUTIES (ON THE 150th ANNIVERSARY OF HIS BIRTH)
Klevno V.A., Gaidichuk V.V., Romanko N.A.
Abstract

The article is devoted to Ya. Yu. Kats, who in November, 1918 headed the subdivision of forensic medicine of the Health Department of the Moscow Provincial Council of Workers and Peasants Deputies, which later became the Bureau of Forensic Medical Examination of the Moscow region – the largest state forensic institution in Russia.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):54-57
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CONFERENCES (SUPPLEMENTS)
FORENSIC EXPERTS IN THE IMAGES OF THE DESIRED PROFESSIONAL FUTURE
Yolkina O.E.
Abstract

On the February, 20 at the State Budgetary Healthcare Institution MONIKI n. a. M. F. Vladimirskiy the Association of Forensic Medical Experts held a scheduled scientific-practical conference «Continuing Medical Education of Forensic Medical Examiners. Professional standard «Doctor – forensic expert» and «Forensic expert with secondary medical education», accredited by the Coordination Council for the Development of the National Medical Association of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):58-60
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100 УEARS OF SBIH MR “BUREAU OF FME”
Yolkina O.E.
Abstract

This article is about an important event – the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the forensic medical service of the Moscow Region. The author describes the moments of the anniversary celebration of this organization, which has become a significant event in the history of Russia’s largest state forensic institution.

Russian Journal of Forensic Medicine. 2019;5(1):61-62
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